متى ينتهي التمييز ضد الكرد الفيلية ؟ ... متى يتم رد الاعتبار الرسمي للاكراد الفيلية وباقي المواطنين العراقيين المهجرين أسوة بالكرد وحزب الدعوة ؟ ... متى يبدأ العمل بالتحري عن مصير ومكان رفات أكثر من 20,000 ألفا من شهدائنا ؟ ... متى يبدأ العمل بإعادة المواطنين العراقيين المهجرين الى ديارهم ؟ ... متى تعاد للكرد الفيلية أموالهم وممتلكاتهم المفرهدة من قبل الدولة العراقية منذ عام 1980 ؟ ... متى يبدأ العمل بتعويض مئات الآلاف من ضحايا جرائم التطهير العرقي والإبادة الجماعية (التهجير والإبعاد ألقسري) ؟ ... متى يبدأ العمل بتشريع قانون جنسية عراقي خال من التمييز والتفرقة؟ ومتى يتم تبني البطاقة الموحدة ؟ ... أين التمثيل الحقيقي للأكراد الفيليين في مجالس المحافظات ومجلس النواب وغيره من مراكز اتخاذ القرار ؟ ... أين دور الاكراد الفيلية في العملية السياسية والمصالحة الوطنية ؟ ... لماذا تتهرب دولة العراق من مسؤولياتها السياسية والقانونية والأخلاقية تجاه مظالم الكورد الفيلية ؟ ... لماذا حول أصحاب السلطة قضايا الكرد الفيلية السياسية والاقتصادية إلى قضايا جزائية لا نهاية لها في ظل الفساد المالي والإداري المستشري ؟ ... متى يتم تشكيل لجنة عليا لوضع حلول جذرية ودائمة لقضايا الكورد الفيلية ؟ ... متى ستقوم وزارة المهجرين والمهاجرين العراقية بواجباتها الأساسية تجاه الكرد الفيلية المهجرين قسرا ؟ ... متى تُرتب نخبنا وكوادرنا البيت الكوردي الفيلي وتوحد خطابنا وتشكل "مرجعية" سياسية موحدة تنسق مواقفنا من أجل استعادة وضمان حقوقنا، كبقية الشرائح العراقية ؟ ... متى ستقام مدارس تعلم أولادنا وبناتنا لغتهم الأصلية لنحافظ على هويتنا ولغتنا ؟ ... متى ستكون لنا فضائية بالكردية الفيلية تعكس قضايانا وثقافتنا وتراثنا وهموم أهلنا ؟ ...

The Second International Conference on Faylee Kurds is held at the European Parliament

The Second International Conference on Faylee Kurds is held at the European Parliament


Under the patronage of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament and the sponsorship of the Kurdistan National Congress and the Kurdish Institute in Brussels, the Second International Conference on the Faylee Kurds took place at the European Parliament in Brussels, Belgium, on 27/4/2017.


Among those taking part in the Second Conference were a number of the members of the European Parliament, representative of the European Union, a number of European, Arab and Iraqi personalities and parliamentarians from Iraq and the Kurdistan Region. The Conference was attended by a number of political figures from the four parts of Kurdistan, representatives of Kurdistan political parties, civil society organizations and Faylee Kurds from various European countries.

The Second International Conference on the Faylee Kurds adopted the following Concluding Statement containing a set of recommendations and demands.

Thanks and gratitude to all who have helped in organizing the Second International Conference on Faylee Kurds and all who delivered speeches and all who attended and participated in the Conference.

 

Concluding Statement of the Second Conference on the Faylee Kurds in the European Parliament 27 April 2017


The Faylee Kurds are a sizable segment of the Kurdish people, an original Iraqi minority and a peaceful, hardworking, sincere and ambitious community. They are forward looking aspiring to achieve social and economic advancement. They have maintained peaceful and harmonious relations with all components and all segments of Iraqi society.

Faylee Kurds have faced problems relating to nationality and citizenship issues since the founding of the state of Iraq after World War One by the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 and the passing of the first Iraqi Nationality (Citizenship) Law in 1924.

However, their problems took a serious and precarious turn after the Baath party took power in 1963 and later in 1968. The Ba'athist regime put into action its harsh hostility towards them with excessive cruelty, subjecting them to collective punishment by applying a policy of forcible deportation, ethnic cleansing and genocide. More than 50,000 Faylee Kurds were deported in 1969-1972 and another 600,000 from 1980 to 1990 in an organized campaign, after declaring their Iraqi citizenship null and void, confiscating their movable and immovable property, stripping them of all of their identity documents and interning thousands of their youth. Subsequently, “more than 22,000" of these youth forcible disappeared without a trace. All these atrocities were committed under the pretext that they were of "foreign origin" and were disloyalty to "the supreme national and social goals of the Revolution", as stated in paragraph (1) of Resolution No. 666 of 7/5/1980 issued by the (now dissolved) Revolution Command Council and later published in the Iraqi Official Gazette No. 2776 of 26/5/1980.


According to the Iraqi High Tribunal´s ruling of 29/11/2010 the crimes of deporting and killing of the Faylee Kurds is "genocide" and "a crime against humanity". The Iraqi Parliament confirmed, in its decision No. 18, which was unanimously adopted on 1/8/2011, that these crimes are "crimes of genocide in every sense of the word"; the Parliament´s decision was ratified by Republican Decree No. 6 of 2012. After the verdict by the Tribunal, the Iraqi Cabinet pledged, in its decision No. 426 of 2010, to remove “all the bad effects suffered by the Faylee Kurds”.


The decisions and acts of declaring null and void the nationality (citizenship), the arbitrary internment, forcible deportation, confiscation of movable and immovable property against the Faylee Kurds constitute flagrant violations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, in particular article 15, which states: (1) Everyone has the right to a nationality. And (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality. The internment and subsequent forcible disappearance of thousands of them contravene articles 9 (No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.), article 10 (Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.) and article 11, paragraph 1 ((1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.) of the Universal Declaration. These measures also constitute blatant breaches of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 and the  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966.

Since the State of Iraq has not yet, 14 years since the change of regime in 2003, has not dealt with the issue of the Faylee Kurds fairly and equitably; has not solved their outstanding problems; and has not safeguarded their interests and rights relating to nationality (citizenship), identity documents, movable and immovable property, information about their forcibly disappeared youth and their indiscriminate participation in the general elections,                    

we appeal to the international community and all concerned parties to support the Faylee Kurds, back their cause and support their demands.



Recommendations and Demand:


1. The Conference reaffirms its appeals to the European Parliament and the European Union to pass a decision considering the crimes committed against the Faylee Kurds as a crime of genocide, similar to its decision on Yazidis and Christians. There are legal and political grounds for such a decision. The Iraqi High Tribunal and the Iraqi Parliament have judged these crimes as “genocide”, as mentioned above. Moreover, Iraq ratified in 1959 the Geneva Convention of 1949 on the prevention of the crime of genocide.

2- Continue, develop and coordinate work on a broader scale with the Kurdistan National Congress in all aspects concerning the Faylee Kurds.

3- Appeal to the international community to help found and support a Research and Documentation Center to deal with the Faylee Kurds case, especially genocide.

4- It is of utmost importance that the Iraqi Parliament issues a decision declaring null and void all the resolutions issued by the former Revolution Command Council and all the decisions taken by the former regime against the Faylee Kurds.

5- The formation of a council at the Iraqi Presidency Office to deal with issues relating to Faylee Kurds´ rights and interests and to prepare and propose laws on these issues.

6- The creation, within the Iraqi Ministry of Displacement and Migration, of a department manned by competent Faylee Kurds, to follow up outstanding daily practical measures and routines relating to Faylee Kurds issues and to deal with and resolve the problems and difficulties facing them when coming in contact with the Iraqi bureaucracy.

7- The conference demands from the Iraqi authorities to facilitate the return of all the forcibly displaced and deported Faylee Kurds to their areas of origin; it also demands the rebuilding and reconstruction of these areas destroyed by the former regime before 2003 and the terrorists after 2003, such as Khanaqin, Saadia, Jalawla, Mandali, Badra, Jassan, Zerbatya and the other Faylee Kurds areas in the provinces of Wasit and Misan, in addition to their areas in Baghdad. Solving the problem of water and land-mines in these areas is of utmost important.

8- The Conference requests the Iraqi authorities to demarcate Faylee Kurd areas in the provinces of Diyala, Wasit and Misan, recognizing them as one contiguous Faylee Kurd home-area, where Faylee Kurds can manage and organize their local affairs by themselves.

9- The conference demands the safeguarding of the Faylee Kurds participation in the political process in Baghdad and Arbil in equality with the other Iraqi and Kurdish segments of Iraqi society, in order to effectively enabling them to perform their constructive and productive role in the service of the common good of society.

10- Encourage Faylee Kurds to prepare from now for the coming general elections in Iraq, which is expected to be held (in April) next year; urge the Iraqi authorities to normalize and facilitate the participation of Faylee Kurds in the elections rather than creating hinders for them; and appeal to the Iraqi Parliament to include the Faylee Kurds in the quota system.

11- The conference demands from the authorities in the Kurdistan Region, Iraq, to include Faylee Kurds in the Constitution of the Region, similar to Yaizidis and others, and to allocate them quota seats in the Region's Parliament.

12- The conference demands from the Iraqi authorities to put an end to all forms and kinds of discrimination, open or concealed, against Faylee Kurds by the State apparatus and give Faylee Kurds equal opportunities solely on the basis of citizenship/nationality.

13- The Conference requests the Iraqi authorities to recognize the Faylee Kurds as one of the constituent segments of the Iraqi people and as a minority with its own distinct characteristics and just issue.

14- The conference urges the Iraqi authorities to provide reliable information about the fate of the interned Faylee Kurds, who have forcibly disappeared without a trace under the former regime.

15- The conference requests the Iraqi government to compensate Faylee Kurds for the immovable and movable property confiscated from them by the State of Iraq since 1980.

16- The conference urges the Iraqi and Iranian authorities to provide statistics on the number of the areas inhabited by Faylee Kurds each in its respective country.

17- . The conference demands from the Iraqi and Kurdish authorities to protect and care for the language, culture and heritage of Faylee Kurds and to ensure education and study in their own mother tongue in their home-areas.

18- . The Conference agreed on organizing lectures and seminars at universities and institutes in Europe and elsewhere, as well as at international institutions on issues relating to Faylee Kurds and their plight, in order to, among others, attract European and other researchers and intellectuals to carry out research and studies on these issues.

19- The conference agreed to organize cultural events and information meetings for Kurds with the aim of providing information about the ethnic cleansing and genocide suffered by the Faylee Kurds so that this information reaches the broadest possible Kurdish public opinion in all parts of Kurdistan.

20- Help Faylee Kurds still living in the camps of Juhrum, Aznar and Jiroft in Iran since 1980 and assist in solving their issues and problems.

 

Activities by the Faylee Kurds International Committee

The Faylee Kurds International Committee, formed during the First International Conference on Faylee Kurds, has contacted several European governments as well as the European Union, providing them with a brief account of the case of the Faylee Kurds in Iraq. It has subsequently met with officials from the German Foreign Ministry, the Danish Foreign Ministry and the European Union. It has corresponded with the Austrian Foreign Ministry.


The Faylee Kurds International Committee also made field visits to Baghdad, Arbil and Suleimaniyah, where it met with almost all Faylee Kurds organizations and figures in these cities, as well as groups of Faylee Kurds from towns of Kut, Mandali and Khanaqin, exchanged views with them. These organizations and personalities briefed the International Committee on the problems facing them and suggesting ways of cooperation between them and the International Committee. The International Committee also met with leaders, politicians and parliamentarians in Baghdad, Arbil and Suleimaniyah presenting them with a memorandum on the Faylee Kurds issue and the demands of the Faylee Kurds.


All the organizations and persons, whether Faylee Kurds or others, paid tribute to the efforts made to hold the First International Conference on the Faylee Kurds at the European Parliament and expressed their welcome and support for the continuation of these activities.